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    人淋巴毒素 α (TNF-β )定量分析酶聯免疫檢測試劑盒
    貨號:HME032
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    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com

    人淋巴毒素 α TNF-β )定量分析酶聯免疫檢測試劑盒

    本試劑盒僅供科研使用。用于體外定量檢測人血清、血漿或細胞培養上清液中的 TNF-β 濃度。使用前請仔細閱讀說明書并檢查試劑組

    分是否完整, 如有疑問請與安徽巧伊生物科技有限公司聯系,我們將提供力所能及的幫助。

    TNF-β 簡介:

    淋巴毒素α,也叫TNF-β,是一個屬于腫瘤壞死家族的分泌蛋白。人的TNF-β是一個22 kDa的蛋白。分泌型的TNF-β是三倍體。當然,

    TNF-β也能與淋巴毒素β形成三倍體,從而將TNF-β錨定在細胞表面。TNF-β由活化的B淋巴細胞分泌,對自身免疫病的發生起重要作用。

    TNF-β介導不同類型的炎癥反應,免疫刺激以及抗病毒等過程。TNF-β除了對腫瘤細胞的細胞毒性外,TNF-β能刺激淋巴腺及淋巴

    結等淋巴器官的發育,參與淋巴器官的炎癥及免疫功能。TNF-β也參與次級淋巴器官的形成和生長,同時TNF-β也參與細胞調亡。TNF-β

    的基因多態性也會誘導牛皮癬伴隨著血清陰性的關節炎,即牛皮癬性關節炎。

    檢測原理:

    本試劑盒采用雙抗體夾心ELISA法檢測樣本中TNF-β 的濃度。TNF-β 捕獲抗體已預包被于酶標板上,當加入標本或參考品時,其中的

    TNF-β 會與捕獲抗體結合,其它游離的成分通過洗滌的過程被除去。當加入生物素化的抗人TNF-β 抗體后,抗人TNF-β 抗體與TNF-β 接合,

    形成夾心的免疫復合物,其它游離的成分通過洗滌的過程被除去。隨后加入辣根過氧化物酶標記的親合素。生物素與親合素特異性結合,

    親合素連接的酶就會與夾心的免疫復合物連接起來;其它游離的成分通過洗滌的過程被除去。最后加入顯色劑,若樣本中存在TNF-β 將會

    形成免疫復合物,辣根過氧化物酶會催化無色的顯色劑氧化成藍色物質,在加入終止液后呈黃色。通過酶標儀檢測,讀其450nm處的OD值,

    TNF-β 濃度與OD450值之間呈正比,通過參考品繪制標準曲線,對照未知樣本中OD值,即可算出標本中TNF-β 濃度。

    TNF-β 定量分析酶聯免疫檢測試劑盒組成:

    組分 規格(96T/48T)

    TNF-β 預包被板 12條/6條

    標準品稀釋液 10ml/5ml

    TNF-β 標準品 2/1支(凍干)

    TNF-β 生物素化抗體 10ml/5ml

    親和素連接的HRP酶 10ml/5ml

    濃縮洗滌液 20× 30ml/15ml

    TMB底物 10ml/5ml

    中止液 5ml/3ml

    封板膠紙 3/2張

    說明書 1份

    標本收集:

    1.標本的收集請按下列流程進行操作;

    A.細胞上清標本離心去除懸浮物后即可;

    B.血清標本應是自然凝固后,取上清,避免在冰箱中凝固血液;

    C.血漿標本,推薦用EDTA的方法收集;

    D.若待測樣本不能及時檢測,標本收集后請分裝,凍存于-20℃,避免反復凍融。

    2.血清標本不應添加任何防腐劑或抗凝劑;

    3.標本應清澈透明,檢測前樣本中如有懸浮物應通過離心去除。

    4.請勿使用溶血,高血脂或污染的標本檢測,否則結果將不準確。

    注意事項:

    1.試劑盒請保存在2~8℃。2.濃縮洗滌液因在低溫下可能有結晶,請水浴加熱使結晶完全溶解后再配制工作液。

    3.標準品復溶加樣后,剩余部份請丟棄。

    4.底物請勿接觸氧化劑和金屬。

    5.加樣時,請及時更換槍頭,避免交叉污染。

    6.嚴禁混用不同批號的試劑盒組份。

    7.充分混勻對保證反應結果的準性很重要,在加液后請輕輕叩擊邊緣以保證混勻。

    8.室溫反應,請嚴格控制在25-28℃。

    9.洗滌過程是至關重要的,洗滌不充分會使精確度下降并導致結果誤差較大。

    10.試驗中標準品和樣本檢測時建議作雙復孔。

    11.加樣過程中避免氣泡的產生。

    12.血清和血漿標本的檢測時,檢測抗體的孵育時間應適當延長

    檢測前準備工作:

    1.試劑盒自冰箱中取出后應置室溫(25-28℃)平衡20分鐘;每次檢測后剩余試劑請及時于2~8℃保存。

    2.將濃縮洗滌液用雙蒸水或去離子水稀釋(1份加19份水)。

    3.如有5x標準品稀釋液,請按所需量用雙蒸水或去離子水稀釋(1份加4水)。

    4 標準品: 根據標簽復溶體積加入標準品稀釋液使TNF-β 終濃度達到2000pg/ml,室溫反應,請嚴格控制在25~28℃,靜置15~20分鐘后輕

    輕混懸(建議抽吸幾次)待徹底溶解,用標準品稀釋液倍比梯度稀釋后依次加入檢測孔中。(標準曲線取七個點,最高濃度為2000 pg/ml,

    標準品稀釋液直接加入作為0濃度.)

    洗滌方法:

    自動洗板機或人工洗板:每孔洗滌液為300ul,注入與吸出間隔15-30秒。最后一次洗板完成后將板倒扣著在厚吸水紙上用力拍干。

    實驗過程需自備的材料:

    1.不同規格的加樣槍及相應的槍頭;

    2.酶標儀;

    3.自動洗板機;

    4.去離子水或雙蒸水;

    操作步驟:

    1.通過計算并確定一次性實驗所需的板條數,取出所需板條放置在框架內,暫時用不到板條請放回鋁箔袋密封,保存于4℃。

    2.建議設置本底較正孔,即空白孔,設置方法為該孔只加TMB顯色液和中止液。每次實驗均需做標準品對照并畫出標準曲線。

    3.分別將標本或不同濃度標準品(100ul/孔)加入相應孔中,用封板膠紙封住反應孔,室溫(25-28℃)孵育120分鐘。4.洗板5次,且最后一

    次置厚吸水紙上拍干。

    5.加入生物素化抗體工作液(100ul/孔)。用封板膠紙封住反應孔,室溫(25-28℃)孵育60分鐘。

    6.洗板5次,且最后一次置厚吸水紙上拍干。

    7.加入HRP酶結合物工作液(100ul/孔)。用封板膠紙封住反應孔,避光室溫(25-28℃)孵育20分鐘。

    8.洗板5次,且最后一次置厚吸水紙上拍干。

    9.加入顯色劑TMB100ul/孔,避光室溫(25-28℃)孵育20分鐘。

    10.加入中止液50ul/孔,混勻后即刻測量OD450值。

    結果判斷:

    1.復孔的值在20%的差異范圍內結果才有效,復孔的值平均后可作為測量值。

    2.每個標準品或標本的OD值應減去本底校正孔的OD值。

    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.comhTNF-β 參考標準曲線

    0

    0.5

    1

    1.5

    2

    2.5

    0 62.5 125 250 500 1000 2000

    濃度(pg/ml)

    O

    D值

    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com

    3.手工繪制標準曲線。以標準品濃度作橫坐標,OD值作縱坐標,以平滑線連接各標準品的坐標點。通過標本的OD值可在標準曲線上查出其

    濃度。

    4.若標本OD值高于標準曲線上限,應適當稀釋后重測,計算濃度時應乘以稀釋倍數。

    典型數值和參考曲線

    濃度pg/ml 典型OD1 典型OD2 OD平均值

    0 0.065 0.074 0.0695

    62.5 0.23 0.213 0.2215

    125 0.448 0.413 0.4305

    250 0.69 0.627 0.6585

    500 1.096 0.975 1.0355

    1000 1.588 1.428 1.508

    2000 2.261 2.138 2.1995

    TNF-β 參考標準曲線

    注意:本圖僅供參考,應以同次試驗標準品所繪標準曲線計算標本含量。

    靈敏度,特異性和重復性:

    1.靈敏度:多次重復結果表明,最小檢出量為15.4pg/ml。

    2.特異性:與人的GM-CSF,IL-8,IL-1β , TNF-α 及小鼠的TNF-α 等沒有交叉反應。

    3.重復性:板內,板間變異系數均<10%.

    參考文獻:

    1. Chiang, E.Y. et al. (2009) Nat. Med. 15:766.

    2. Warzocha, K. et al. (1995) Eur. Cytokine Netw. 6:83.

    3. Seleznik, G.M. et al. (2014) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 25:125.

    4. Kobayashi, Y. et al. (1986) J. Biochem. 100:727.

    5. Mapara, M.Y. et al. (1994) Int. J. Cancer 58:248.

    6. Drutskaya, M.S. et al. (2010) IUBMB Life 62:283.上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com

    ELISA Kit for the Quantitative Analysis of Human TNF-β

    The human TNF-β ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) kit is used for detection of human TNF-β in cell culture

    supernatants,human serum and plasma.THE ELISA KIT IS FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY. Please read this instruction manual carefully

    and check out the material provided before use, and you can contact with our company if any questions. You can enter our website or call

    us for other aim.

    Introduction

    Lymphotoxin α(LTα), also known as Tumor Necrosis Factor β (TNFβ), is a secreted protein which belongs to the tumor necrosis factor

    family. Human LTα/TNFβ is a 22 kDa protein. Secreted TNF-β forms heterotrimers. TNF-β also forms heterotrimers with

    lymphotoxin-beta which anchors TNF-β to the cell surface. TNF-β is expressed in activated B lymphocytes and contributes to

    autoimmune disease.

    TNF-β mediates a large variety of inflammatory, immunostimulatory, and antiviral responses. In addition to its cytotoxic action on tumor

    cells, TNFβ mediates lymph node development, inflammation, and immune function. TNF-β is also involved in the formation of

    secondary lymphoid organs during development and plays a role in apoptosis. Genetic variations in TNF-β are a cause of susceptibility

    psoriatic arthritis which is an inflammatory, seronegative arthritis associated with psoriasis.

    Principles of the Test

    The kits is a solid sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of human TNF-β. An anti-human TNF-β monoclonal

    antibody has been absorbed onto the wells of the microtiter strips provided. Samples including specimens or standards were pipetted into

    wells. The human TNF-β in specimens or standards would be captured by the coated antibody and the free others were removed by

    washing. The human TNF-β biotin-conjugated antibody were added and binds to human TNF-β captured by the first antibody, which

    formed a sandwich. Streptavidin-HRP would be added and binds to the biotin conjugated antibody, then free Streptavidin-HRP would be

    removed during a wash step. After this, subtrate solution would be added and catalyzed by the HRP, and a coloured product is formed.

    The intensity of the colored product is used to calculate in proportion to the amount of human TNF-β in the original specimen.

    Materials provided with the kits:

    Reagent 96/48Test Kit

    Human TNF-β Antibody-Coated Wells 12 strips/6 strips

    Standard Diluent 10ml/5ml

    Human TNF-β Standard 2/1vial(s)

    Human TNF-βDetetion Antibody 10ml/5ml

    Streptavidin-HRP 10ml/5ml

    Wash Buffer Concentrate 20× 30ml/15ml

    TMB 10ml/5ml

    Stop Solution 5ml/3ml

    Plate Covers 3/2

    Complete Instruction Manual 1

    Specimen Collection

    1.Collecting specimen as following:

    A.The particulate of the cell culture supernatants should be removed before use.

    B.Serum was obtained from clot at room temperature.

    C.Please collect plasma with EDTA.

    D.Assay immediately or store samples at -20. Avoid free-thaw cycles.

    2. Antiseptic and anticoagulant should not appear in Serum samples.3. Any particulate should be removed from samples before use.

    4. Do not use grossly hemolyzed or lipemic samples.

    Note: Strongly recommend that the serum and plasma samples should be diluent as doubling dilution before use.

    Precautions for use:

    1.Please storage the Kit at 28℃。

    2. Washing buffer concentrate may have crystal in low temperature, and you can melt its in water-bath before use.

    3. Please discard the remains after use of the dissolved standard.

    4.Avoid contact of substrate solution with oxidizing agents and metal.

    5.Usage of disposable pipette tips avoid microbial contamination or cross-contamination of reagents or specimens.

    6. Do not mix or substitute reagents with those from other lots or other sources.

    7.To ensure the adequate mixure of added reagents, please tap gently the plate after the wells were filled with liquid.

    8. Incubation temperature should be 2528.

    9. Wash step was crucial for whole assay process.

    10. Duplicate wells of the same sample were recommended in assay process.

    11. Avoid the foam while pour the liquid into wells.

    12.For serum or plasma samples ,the biotin-conjugated antibody should be incubate for at least 90 minutes.

    Reagent Preparation

    1.The reagents should be warmed up to room temperature before use. The remanent reagents must reseal and put into refrigeratory

    again as soon as possible.

    2.Dilute 1ml of wash buffer Concentrate into 19ml deionized or distilled water to work.

    3. Add 0.5ml deionized or distilled water to bottle wait 15 minutes for complete dissolution. Incubation temperature should be 2528.。

    And in turn add the half concentration diluent by standard diluent .

    Wash step:

    Automated microplate washer or operating by pipette: Each well should be pour into 300ul wash buffer and soak 15 or 30 seconds,then

    be aspirated, five times process were repeated. After the last wash, remove remaining wash buffer by aspirating. Invert the plate and blot

    it against clean paper towels.

    Materials Required But Not Provided

    1. pipettes and pipette tips

    2. Microwell strip reader capable of reading at 450 nm (540 nm as optional reference wave length)

    3. automated microplate washer

    4.Glass-distilled or deionized water

    Assay procedure

    1.The needed strips were putted into the frame, the remains were returned into foil pouch and resealed.

    2.Blank well were recommended, which only color reagent and stop solution be added. It is suggested that each testing with gradient

    density of standard for standard curve.

    3.Add 100ul of standard or sample.Cover with the Plate Covers provided.Incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.

    4.Five times wash process were repeated.

    5.Add 100ul of detetion antibody. Cover with the Plate Covers provided.Incubate for 1 hour at room temperature.

    6.Five times wash process were repeated.

    7.Add 100ul of Streptavidin-HRP. Cover with the Plate Covers provided. Lucifugal incubation for 20 minutes at room temperature.

    8.Five times wash process were repeated.

    9.Add 100ul of TMB,Lucifugal incubation for 20 minutes at room temperature.

    10.Add 50ul of stop solution to each well, determine the optical

    density of each well within 10 minutes.

    Calculation of Results

    1.Duplicates should be within 20 percent of the mean. Average absorbance values for each set of duplicate samples were used as

    detection results.

    2.The blank absorbance values of subtract should be deducted.

    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.comhTNF-β Standard Curve

    0

    0.5

    1

    1.5

    2

    2.5

    0 62.5 125 250 500 1000 2000

    Concentration(pg/ml)

    O

    p

    t

    i

    c

    a

    l

    D

    e

    n

    s

    i

    t

    y

    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com

    3.Drawing a best fit curve through the points of graph. Draw the standard curve by plotting assayed OD valure (on the Y axis) vs.

    concentration (on the X axis). The sample concentration was obtained based on its OD value founding in the standard concentration

    curve.

    4.If the values obtained are not within the expected range of the standard, Samples should be dilute and assay again.

    Typical Data and Standard Curve

    Concentration

    (pg/ml)

    Typical data

    1

    Typical data

    2

    Average

    0 0.065 0.074 0.0695

    62.5 0.23 0.213 0.2215

    125 0.448 0.413 0.4305

    250 0.69 0.627 0.6585

    500 1.096 0.975 1.0355

    1000 1.588 1.428 1.508

    2000 2.261 2.138 2.1995

    Human TNF-β Standard Curve

    Sensitivity,Specificity, Repeatability

    Sensitivity: repeated assays were evaluated and the minimum detectable dose was 15.4pg/ml.

    Specificity: No significant cross-reactivity or interference with human GM-CSF,IL-8,IL-1β ,TNF-α and Mouse TNF-α .

    Repeatability: The coefficient of variation between wells or plates is less than 10 per cent.

    References:

    1. Chiang, E.Y. et al. (2009) Nat. Med. 15:766.

    2. Warzocha, K. et al. (1995) Eur. Cytokine Netw. 6:83.

    3. Seleznik, G.M. et al. (2014) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 25:125.

    4. Kobayashi, Y. et al. (1986) J. Biochem. 100:727.

    5. Mapara, M.Y. et al. (1994) Int. J. Cancer 58:248.

    6. Drutskaya, M.S. et al. (2010) IUBMB Life 62:283.

     


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