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    申請試用裝
    大鼠 T 細胞免疫球蛋白定量分析酶聯免疫檢測試劑盒
    貨號:DSE004
    價格:¥0.00
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    • 參考文獻
    • 常見問題

    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com

    大鼠 T 細胞免疫球蛋白定量分析酶聯免疫檢測試劑盒

    本試劑盒僅供科研使用。用于體外定量檢測大鼠血清、血漿或細胞培養上清液中的 KIM-1 濃度。使用前請仔細閱讀說明書并檢查試劑

    組分是否完整,如有產品包裝破損或質量投拆,請在收到貨一個月之內聯系我們。

    大鼠 KIM-1 簡介:

    T 細胞免疫球蛋白(TIM1)又名甲肝病毒細胞受體 I 或 KIM1,其分子量大小約為 70-80 kDa,屬于 TIM 分子免疫球蛋白超家族的 I 型

    跨膜糖蛋白,參與 Th1、Th2 細胞介導的免疫調節。

    在大鼠體內,KIM1 以可溶的形式存在,是卵裂過程中產生的一種未知的金屬蛋白酶,其分子量大小約為 85-90kDa。KIM1 在腎臟和睪

    丸表達量最高,在輔助性 T 細胞的生長發育過程以及控制哮喘和過敏性疾病中起著至關重要的作用。

    KIM1 能夠結扎誘導 T 細胞增殖,促進淋巴因子的產生。特別是可溶性 KIM-1 蛋白, 在與受體結合后,通過激活磷酸化酪氨酸激酶的

    途徑,誘導 IL4 的產生。從而通過 IL-4 對于 B 細胞、T 細胞、肥大細胞、巨噬細胞和造細胞進行免疫調節。

    檢測原理:

    本試劑盒采用雙抗體夾心ELISA 法檢測樣本中KIM-1的濃度。KIM-1 捕獲抗體已預包被于酶標板上,當加入標本或參考品時,其中的KIM-1

    會與捕獲抗體結合,其它游離的成分通過洗滌的過程被除去。當加入生物素化的抗大鼠 KIM-1 抗體后,抗大鼠 KIM-1 抗體與 KIM-1 接合,

    形成夾心的免疫復合物,其它游離的成分通過洗滌的過程被除去。隨后加入辣根過氧化物酶標記的親合素。生物素與親合素特異性結合,

    親合素連接的酶就會與夾心的免疫復合物連接起來;其它游離的成分通過洗滌的過程被除去。最后加入顯色劑,若樣本中存在 KIM-1 將會

    形成免疫復合物,辣根過氧化物酶會催化無色的顯色劑氧化成藍色物質,在加入終止液后呈黃色。通過酶標儀檢測,讀其 450nm 處的 OD 值,

    KIM-1 濃度與 OD450值之間呈正比,通過參考品繪制標準曲線,對照未知樣本中 OD 值,即可算出標本中 KIM-1 濃度。

    大鼠KIM-1定量分析酶聯免疫檢測試劑盒組成:

    組分 規格(96T/48T)

    大鼠KIM-1預包被板 12條/6條

    樣本分析緩沖液 5ml/3ml

    標準品稀釋液 10ml/5ml

    大鼠KIM-1標準品 2支/1支(凍干)

    大鼠KIM-1生物素化抗體 10ml/5ml

    親和素連接的HRP酶 10ml/5ml

    濃縮洗滌液 20× 30ml/15ml

    TMB底物 10ml/5ml

    中止液 5ml/3ml

    封板膠紙 3/2張

    說明書 1份

    標本收集:

    1.標本的收集請按下列流程進行操作;

    A.細胞上清標本離心去除懸浮物后即可;

    B.血清標本應是自然凝固后,取上清,避免在冰箱中凝固血液;

    C.血漿標本,推薦用EDTA的方法收集;

    D.若待測樣本不能及時檢測,標本收集后請分裝,凍存于-20℃,避免反復凍融。

    2.血清標本不應添加任何防腐劑或抗凝劑;

    3.標本應清澈透明,檢測前樣本中如有懸浮物應通過離心去除。

    4.請勿使用溶血,高血脂或污染的標本檢測,否則結果將不準確。

    注:大鼠血清或血漿樣本請用樣本分析緩沖液做倍比稀釋后再檢測。注意事項:

    1.試劑盒請保存在2~8℃。

    2.濃縮洗滌液因在低溫下可能有結晶,請水浴加熱使結晶完全溶解后再配制工作液。

    3.標準品復溶加樣后,剩余部份請丟棄。

    4.底物請勿接觸氧化劑和金屬。

    5.加樣時,請及時更換槍頭,避免交叉污染。

    6.嚴禁混用不同批號的試劑盒組份。

    7.充分混勻對保證反應結果的準性很重要,在加液后請輕輕叩擊邊緣以保證混勻。

    8.室溫反應,請嚴格控制在25-28℃。

    9.洗滌過程是至關重要的,洗滌不充分會使精確度下降并導致結果誤差較大。

    10.試驗中標準品和樣本檢測時建議作雙復孔。

    11.加樣過程中避免氣泡的產生。

    12.血清和血漿標本的檢測時,檢測抗體的孵育時間應適當延長

    檢測前準備工作:

    1.試劑盒自冰箱中取出后應置室溫(25-28℃)平衡20分鐘;每次檢測后剩余試劑請及時于2~8℃保存。

    2.將濃縮洗滌液用雙蒸水或去離子水稀釋(1份加19份水)。

    3. 如有5×標準品稀釋液用雙蒸水或去離子水稀釋(1份加4份水)。

    4.標準品:按標簽復溶體積用標準品稀釋液復溶使KIM-1終濃度達到600pg/ml,室溫反應,請嚴格控制在25~28℃,靜置15~20分鐘后輕輕混

    懸(建議抽吸幾次)待徹底溶解,用標準品稀釋液倍比梯度稀釋后依次加入檢測孔中。(標準曲線取七個點,最高濃度為600 pg/ml,標準

    品稀釋液直接加入作為0濃度.)

    洗滌方法:

    自動洗板機或大鼠工洗板:每孔洗滌液為300ul,注入與吸出間隔15-30秒。最后洗板完成后將板倒扣著在厚吸水紙上用力拍干。

    實驗過程需自備的材料:

    1.不同規格的加樣槍及相應的槍頭;

    2.酶標儀;

    3.自動洗板機;

    4.去離子水或雙蒸水;

    操作步驟:

    1.通過計算并確定一次性實驗所需的板條數,取出所需板條放置在框架內,暫時用不到板條請放回鋁箔袋密封,保存于4℃。

    2.建議設置本底較正孔,即空白孔,設置方法為該孔只加TMB顯色液和中止液。每次實驗均需做標準品對照并畫出標準曲線。

    3.分別將標本或不同濃度標準品(100ul/孔)加入相應孔中,用封板膠紙封住反應孔,室溫(25-28℃)孵育120分鐘。對于血清或血漿標本,

    請加入50 ul樣本分析緩沖液后加50 ul標本,如稀釋量大,請將樣本與樣本分析緩沖液等量加入,不足部分用標準品稀釋液補充至100ul。

    4.洗板5次,且最后一次置厚吸水紙上拍干。

    5.加入生物素化抗體工作液(100ul/孔)。用封板膠紙封住反應孔,室溫(25-28℃)孵育60分鐘。

    6.洗板5次,且最后一次置厚吸水紙上拍干。

    7.加入親和素鏈接的HRP酶工作液(100ul/孔)。用封板膠紙封住反應孔,避光室溫(25-28℃)孵育20分鐘。

    8.洗板5次,且最后一次置厚吸水紙上拍干。

    9.加入顯色劑TMB100ul/孔,避光室溫(25-28℃)孵育20分鐘。

    10.加入中止液50ul/孔,混勻后即刻測量OD450值。

    結果判斷:

    1.復孔的值在20%的差異范圍內結果才有效,復孔的值平均后可作為測量值。

    2.每個標準品或標本的OD值應減去本底校正孔的OD值。

    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com大鼠KIM-1參考曲線

    0

    0.5

    1

    1.5

    2

    2.5

    0 31.25 62.5 125 250 500 1000

    大鼠KIM-1濃度(pg/ml)

    O

    D值

    上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com

    3.手工繪制標準曲線。以標準品濃度作橫坐標,OD值作縱坐標,以平滑線連接各標準品的坐標點。通過標本的OD值可在標準曲線上查出其

    濃度。

    4.若標本OD值高于標準曲線上限,應適當稀釋后重測,計算濃度時應乘以稀釋倍數。

    典型數值和參考曲線

    Pg/ml 平均值 典型數值 1 典型數值 2

    0 0.113 0.124 0.102

    31.25 0.287 0.305 0.269

    62.5 0.421 0.452 0.39

    125 0.668 0.683 0.653

    250 1.048 1.073 1.023

    500 1.512 1.542 1.482

    1000 2.363 2.453 2.273

    大鼠KIM-1參考標準曲線.

    注意:本圖僅供參考,應以同次試驗標準品所繪標準曲線計算標本含量。

    靈敏度,特異性和重復性:

    1.靈敏度:多次重復結果表明,最小檢出量為13.6pg/ml。

    2.特異性:與人TIM-1、TIM-4和小鼠TIM-1、TIM-4等均沒有交叉反應。

    3.重復性:板內,板間變異系數均<10%.

    參考文獻:

    1. Mesri, M. et al. (2006) Int. Immunol. 18:473.

    2. Baily, V. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:39739.

    3. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681.

    4. de Souza, A.J. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:17113.

    5. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362.上海傳秋生物科技有限公司 www.antidotetoaging.com

    ELISA Kit for the Quantitative Analysis of Rat KIM-1

    The rat KIM-1 ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) kit is used for detection of rat KIM-1 in cell culture supernatants,rat

    serum and plasma.THE ELISA KIT IS FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY. Please read this instruction manual carefully and check out the

    material provided before use, and you can contact with our company if any questions. You can enter our website or call us for other aim.

    Introduction

    T cell immunoglobulin mucin (TIM1) also known as KIM1, the molecular weight is about 70-80 kDa, which is type I transmembrane

    glycoprotein member of the TIM family of immunoglobulin superfamily molecules which is involved in the regulation of Th1 and Th2 cell

    mediated immunity.

    In human, KIM1 is known to circulate as a soluble form that arises from cleavage by an undefined MMP, releasing an 85-90 kDa

    soluble molecule. TIM1 is widely expressed with highest levels in kidney and testis. KIM1 plays a critical role in T-helper cell development

    and the regulation of asthma and allergic diseases.

    KIM1 ligation induces T cell proliferation and promotes lymphokine production . In particular, it induces IL4 production, and requires

    the KIM1 cytoplasmic tyrosine phosphorylation motif. IL-4 can be adjustment the immune activity of B cell, T cells, mast cells and

    macrophages.

    Principles of the Test

    The kits is a solid sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of rat KIM-1. An anti-rat KIM-1 monoclonal

    antibody has been absorbed onto the wells of the microtiter strips provided.

    Samples including specimens or standards were pipetted into wells. The rat KIM-1 in specimens or standards would be captured by the

    coated antibody and the free others were removed by washing. The rat KIM-1 biotin-conjugated antibody were added and binds to rat

    KIM-1 captured by the first antibody, which formed a sandwich. Streptavidin-HRP would be added and binds to the biotin conjugated

    antibody, then free Streptavidin-HRP would be removed during a wash step. After this, subtrate solution would be added and catalyzed

    by the HRP, and a coloured product is formed. The intensity of the colored product is used to calculate in proportion to the amount of rat

    KIM-1 in the original specimen.

    Materials provided with the kits:

    Reagent 96/48Test Kit

    Assay Buffer 5ml/3ml

    Rat KIM-1 Antibody-Coated Wells 12 strips/6 strips

    Standard Diluent 10 ml/5ml

    Rat KIM-1 Standard 2/1vial(s)

    Rat KIM-1 Detetion Antibody 10ml/5ml

    Streptavidin-HRP 10ml/5ml

    Wash Buffer Concentrate 20× 30ml/15ml

    TMB 10ml/5ml

    Stop Solution 5ml/3ml

    Plate Covers 3/2

    Complete Instruction Manual 1

    Specimen Collection

    1.Collecting specimen as following:

    A.The particulate of the cell culture supernatants should be removed before use.

    B.Serum was obtained from clot at room temperature.

    C.Please collect plasma with EDTA.D.Assay immediately or store samples at -20.Avoidfree-thaw cycles.

    2. Antiseptic and anticoagulant should not appear in Serum samples.

    3. Any particulate should be removed from samples before use.

    4. Do not use grossly hemolyzed or lipemic samples.

    Note: Strongly recommend that the serum and plasma samples should be diluent as doubling dilution before use.

    Precautions for use:

    1. Please storage the Kit at 28℃。

    2. Washing buffer concentrate may have crystal in low temperature, and you can melt its in water-bath before use.

    3. Please discard the remains after use of the dissolved standard.

    4. Avoid contact of substrate solution with oxidizing agents and metal.

    5. Usage of disposable pipette tips avoid microbial contamination or cross-contamination of reagents or specimens.

    6. Do not mix or substitute reagents with those from other lots or other sources.

    7. To ensure the adequate mixure of added reagents, please tap gently the plate after the wells were filled with liquid.

    8. Incubation temperature should be 2528.

    9. Wash step was crucial for whole assay process.

    10. Duplicate wells of the same sample were recommended in assay process.

    11. Avoid the foam while pour the liquid into wells.

    12. For serum or plasma samples,the biotin-conjugated antibody should be incubate for at least 90 minutes.

    Reagent Preparation

    1.The reagents should be warmed up to room temperature before use. The remanent reagents must reseal and put into refrigeratory

    again as soon as possible.

    2.Dilute 1ml of wash buffer Concentrate into 19ml deionized or distilled water to work.

    3. If you have a 5x standard diluent, please dilute it with double steaming water or deionized water.

    4. Add standard diluent to the bottle according to the volume of the label and wait 15 minutes for complete dissolution. And in turn add the

    half concentration diluent by standard diluent .

    Wash step:

    Automated microplate washer or operating by pipette: Each well should be pour into 300ul wash buffer and soak 15 or 30 seconds,then

    be aspirated, five times process were repeated. After the last wash, remove remaining wash buffer by aspirating. Invert the plate and blot

    it against clean paper towels.

    Materials Required But Not Provided

    1. pipettes and pipette tips

    2. Microwell strip reader capable of reading at 450 nm (540 nm as optional reference wave length)

    3. automated microplate washer

    4.Glass-distilled or deionized water

    Assay procedure

    1.The needed strips were putted into the frame, the remains were returned into foil pouch and resealed.

    2.Blank well were recommended, which only color reagent and stop solution be added. It is suggested that each testing with gradient

    density of standard for standard curve.

    3.Add 100ul of standard or sample.Cover with the Plate Covers provided.Incubate for 2 hours at room temperatureIf assay the serum

    sample,you should add 50μ l assay buffer with 50μ l sample into the wells,if the protein concentration is higher than the range of the Kit,

    add the same quantitys assay buffer with the sample, the deficiency should be complemented with sample diluent to 100μ l per well.

    4.Five times wash process were repeated.

    5.Add 100ul of detetion antibody. Cover with the Plate Covers provided.Incubate for 1 hour at room temperature.

    6.Five times wash process were repeated.

    7.Add 100ul of Streptavidin-HRP. Cover with the Plate Covers provided. Lucifugal incubation for 20 minutes at room temperature.

    8.Five times wash process were repeated.

    9.Add 100ul of TMB,Lucifugal incubation for 20 minutes at room temperature.

    10.Add 50ul of stop solution to each well, determine the optical density of each well within 10 minutes.

    Calculation of Results

    1.Duplicates should be within 20 percent of the mean. Average absorbance values for each set of duplicate samples were used as

    detection results.

    2.The blank absorbance values of subtract should be deducted.

    3.Drawing a best fit curve through the points of graph. Draw the standard curve by plotting assayed OD valure (on the Y axis) vs.

    concentration (on the X axis). The sample concentration was obtained based on its OD value founding in the standard concentration

    curve.

    4.If the values obtained are not within the expected range of the standard, Samples should be dilute and assay again

    Typical Data and Standard Curve

    concentration

    (pg/ml)

    Average Typical data 1 Typical data

    2

    0 0.113 0.124 0.102

    31.25 0.287 0.305 0.269

    62.5 0.421 0.452 0.39

    125 0.668 0.683 0.653

    250 1.048 1.073 1.023

    500 1.512 1.542 1.482

    1000 2.363 2.453 2.273

    Rat KIM-1 Standard Curve

    .

    Sensitivity, Specificity, Repeatability

    Sensitivity: repeated assays were evaluated and the minimum detectable dose was 13.6pg/ml.

    Specificity : No significant cross-reactivity or interference with human TIM-1、TIM-4 and mouse TIM-1、TIM-4.

    Repeatability: The coefficient of variation between wells or plates is less than 10 percent.

    REFERENCES:

    1. Mesri, M. et al. (2006) Int. Immunol. 18:473.

    2. Baily, V. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:39739.

    3. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681.

    4. de Souza, A.J. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:17113.

    5. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362.

     


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